吴立新

院士 (双聘)

 


中国科学院院士

中国海洋大学副校长

中国海洋大学教育部物理海洋教育部重点实验室主任



联系电话:86-532-82032636
电子邮箱:lxwu@ouc.edu.cn
个人主页:http://www2.ouc.edu.cn/pol/allreyuan.asp?lanmu=2&f=5


 
个人履历:

1988年本科毕业于清华大学工程力学系,1991年获得北京大学力学系硕士学位,1994年获得北京大学力学系博士学位;1994-1995年于美国新泽西州Rutgers大学航天和机械工程系作博士后研究,1995-1998年于美国威斯康新大学麦迪逊分校大气和海洋科学系作博士后研究,1998-2005年担任美国威斯康新大学麦迪逊分校气候研究中心研究员,2005年至今担任中国海洋大学物理海洋“筑峰工程”教授;国家杰出青年基金获得者,国家自然科学基金委创新群体学术带头人,山东省“泰山学者”特聘教授,教育部“长江学者”。

兼任国际CLIVAR太平洋科学指导委员会委员,国际PICES太平洋气候变化与变率科学委员会委员,国际CLIVAR NPOCE计划科学指导委员会委员。2013年当选中国科学院院士。

 

研究方向及成果

长期从事大洋环流与气候研究。发现了20世纪全球大洋副热带西边界流区“热斑”现象,系统阐述了副热带环流变异在太平洋气候年代际及长期变化中的作用机理并建立了相关理论,发展了能确定中-低纬海洋-大气通道在气候年代际及长期变化中作用的模式动力实验体系;开拓了利用Argo国际大计划来研究全球深海大洋混合低频变异的新路径,将深海混合研究推向了全球尺度和季节以上的时变尺度;阐明了大洋热盐环流变异影响热带海—气耦合系统的动力学路径,揭示了北大西洋年代际变化模态是海—气耦合模态。在Nature, NatureGeoscience, Nature Climate Change等海洋与气候研究的国际权威杂志上发表论文80余篇。作为首席科学家主持承担了国家深海大洋973项目、科技部全球变化重大研究计划等项目。

 

   

代表性论著

    1. J. Zhao and L. Wu, 2014: Intensified turbulent diapycnal mixing in midlatitude western boundary currents. Scientific Report

2. D. Hu, L. Wu, W. Cai and coauthors, 2014: Pacific western boundary currents and their roles in climate. Nature, in review.

3. X. Ma, P. Chang, R. Saravanan, R. Montuoro, J. Hsieh, D. Wu, X.Lin and L. Wu, 2014: Ocean Meso-scale Eddies Influencing Weather Patterns in the North Pacific. Nature Gesocience, in review.

4. W. Cai, G. Wang, A. Santoso, M. McPhaden, L. Wu, F-F. Jin, A. Timmermann , M. Collins, G. Vecchi, M. Lengaigne, M. England, D.Dommenget, K.Takahashi, E. Guilyardi, 2014: More frequent extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change, in press.

5. Qiu, B., S. -M. Chen, L. -X. Wu, and S. Kida, 2014: Wind- versus Eddy-Forced Regional Sea Level Trends and Variability in the North Pacific Ocean. Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00479.1, in press.

6. Yang, C.-X, B. Giese, and L. -X. Wu, 2014: El Niño Southern Oscillation in an ensemble ocean reanalysis and coupled climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, in press.

7. Yang,Y., and L. -X. Wu, 2014: Changes of Air-Sea Coupling in the North Atlantic over the 20th Century. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, in press.

8. WELLER E., W.-J. Cai, S.-K. Min, L.-X. Wu, K. Ashok, and T. Yamagata, 2014: More-frequent extreme northward shifts of eastern Indian Ocean tropical convergence under greenhouse warming. Scientific Reports, 4, doi:10.1038/srep06087.

9. KIM S.-T., W.-J. Cai, F.-F. Jin, A. Santoso, L.-X. Wu, E. Guilyardi, and S.-I. An, 2014: Response of El Niño sea surface temperature variability to greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate2326.

10. DUAN J., Z.-H. Chen, and L.-X. Wu, 2014: Study on intraseasonal variation of current at the source region of Kuroshio by analyzing the buoy observation data. Advances in Earth Science, 29, 523-530. (in Chinese)

11. HONG L.-Y., L.-P. Zhang, Z.-H. Chen, and L.-X. Wu, 2014: Linkage between the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the low frequency variability of the Pacific Subtropical Cell. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009650

12. CAI W.-J., A. Santoso, G.-J. Wang, E. Weller, L.-X. Wu, K. Ashok, Y. Masumoto, and T. Yamagata, 2014: Increased frequency of extreme Indian Ocean Dipoleevents due to greenhouse warming. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature13327.

13. JING Z., L.-X. Wu, D.-X. Wu, and B. Qiu, 2014: Enhanced 2-Hour-8-Day Oscillations Associated With Tropical Instability Waves. Journal of Physical Oceanography, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-0189.1.

14. CHEN Z.-H., L.-X. Wu, B. Qiu, S.-T. Sun, and F. Jia, 2014: Seasonal Variation of the South Equatorial Current Bifurcation off Madagascar. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 631-648.

15. WANG C.-Z., L. -P. Zhang, S. LEE, L.-X. Wu, and C. Mechoso, 2014: A Global Perspective on CMIP5 Climate Model Biases. Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.138/NCLIMATE2118.

16. CAI W.-J., S. Borlace, M. Lengaigne, P. Rensch, M. Collins, G. Vecchi, A. Timmermann, A. Santoso, M. McPhaden, L.-X. Wu, M. England, G. -J. Wang, E. Guilyardi, and F. -F. Jin, 2014: Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.138/NCLIMATE2100.

17. FANG C.-F., L.-X. Wu, and X. Zhang, 2014, The impact of global warming on the pacific decadal osccilation and the possible mechanism. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 31, 118-130.

18. GAN B.-L. and L.-X. Wu, 2014: Feedbacks of Sea Surface Temperature to Wintertime Storm Tracks in the North Atlantic. Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00719.1.

19. GAN B.-L. and L.-X. Wu, 2014: Centennial trends in Northern Hemisphere winter storm tracks over the twentieth century. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140, 1945-1957.

20. JING Z., and L.-X. Wu, 2013: Low-Frequency Modulation of Turbulent Diapycnal Mixing by Anticyclonic Eddies Inferred from the HOT Time Series. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43,824-835.

21. SUN S.-T., L.-X. Wu, and B. Qiu, 2013: Response of the Inertial Recirculation to Intensified Stratification in a Two-Layer Quasigeostrophic Ocean Circulation Model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1254-1269.

22. WU L.-X., Z.-H. Chen, 2013: Advances and challenges in physical oceanography observation. Advances in Earth Science, 28, 542-551. (in Chinese)

23. BADIN G., R. Williams, Z. Jing, and L.-X. Wu, 2013: Water-mass transformations in the Southern Ocean diagnosed from observations: contrasting effects of air-sea fluxes and diapycnal mixing. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1472–1484.

24. YANG H.-Y., L.-X. Wu, H.-L. Liu, and Y.-Q. Yu, 2013: Oceans Eddy energy sources and sinks in the South China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 4716-4726.

25. HU D.-X., S. -J. Hu, L.-X. Wu, L. Lei, L.-L. Zhang, X. -Y. Diao, Z.-H. Chen, Y.-L. Li, F. Wang and D. -G. Yuan, 2013: Direct measurements of the Luzon Undercurrent. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1417–1425.

26. JIA F. and L.-X. Wu, 2013: A study of response of equatorial Pacific SST to doubled-CO2 forcing in the coupled CAM-1.5 layer reduced-gravity ocean model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1288–1300.

27. ZHANG L.-P, L.-X. Wu, and B.-L. Gan, 2013: Modes and mechanisms of global water vapor over the 20th century. Journal of Climate, 26, 5578–5593.

28. GAN B.-L. and L.-X. Wu, 2013: Seasonal and long-term coupling between wintertime storm tracks and sea surface temperature in the North Pacific. Journal of Climate, 43, 1254-1269.

29. LIANHG X. and L.-X. Wu, 2013: Effects of Solar Penetration on the Annual Cycle of SST in the North Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 2793-2801.

30. LI C., and L.-X. Wu, 2013: Dynamic linkage between the North Pacific and the Tropical Pacific: Atmosphere–ocean coupling. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 30, 306-314.

31. MA H., L.-X. Wu, and Li, Z.-Q., 2013: Impact of freshening over the Southern Ocean on ENSO. Atmospheric Science Letters, 14, 28-33.

32. LI C., L.-X. Wu, and S.-P. Xie, 2013: Impacts of Interhemispheric Asymmetric Thermal Forcing on Tropical Pacific Climate: Surface Air–Sea Coupling and Subduction. Journal of Climate, 26, 575-582.

33. CHEN Z.-H. and L.-X. Wu, 2012: Long-term change of the Pacific North Equatorial Current bifurcation in SODA. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C06016.

34. GAN B. -L. and L.-X. Wu, 2012: Modulation of Atmospheric Response to North Pacific SST Anomalies under Global Warming. Journal of Climate, 25, 6554-6566.

35. GAN B.-L. and L.-X. Wu, 2012: Possible Origins of the Western Pacific warm pool decadal variability. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 29, 169-176.

36. LIU C.-Y. and L.-X. Wu, 2012: An intensification trend of South Pacific Mode Water subduction rates over the 20th century. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C07009.

37. WU L.-X., W.-J. Cai, L. -P. Zhang, H. Nakamura, A. Timmermann, T. Joyce, M.J. McPhaden, M. Alexander, B. Qiu, M. Visbeck, and P. Chang, 2012: Enhanced warming over the global subtropical western boundary currents. Nature Climate Change, 2, 161-166.

38. YANG H. and L.-X. Wu, 2012: Trends of upper-layer circulation in the South China Sea during 1959–2008. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C08037.

39. YANG Y.-J., L.-X. Wu, and C. -F. Fang, 2012: Will Global Warming Suppress North Atlantic Tripole Decadal Variability? Journal of Climate, 25, 2040-2055.

40. ZHANG L. -P. and L.-X. Wu, 2012: Can Oceanic Freshwater Flux Amplify Global Warming? Journal of Climate, 25 (9), 3417-3430.

41. ZHANG L.-P., C. -Z. Wang and L.-X. Wu, 2012: Low-Frequency Modulation of the Atlantic Warm Pool by the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Climate Dynamics, 39, 1661-1671.

42. CHEN Z.-H. and L.-X. Wu, 2011: Dynamics of the seasonal variation of the North Equatorial Current bifurcation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C02018.

43. JIA F., L.-X. Wu, and B. Qiu, 2011: Seasonal Modulation of Eddy Kinetic Energy and Its Formation Mechanism in the Southeast Indian Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41, 657-665.

44. JIA F., L.-X. Wu, J. Lan and B. Qiu, 2011: Interannual modulation of eddy kinetic energy in the southeast Indian Ocean by Southern Annular Mode. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C02029.

45. JING Z., L.-X. Wu, L. Li, C. -Y. Liu, X. Liang, Z.-H. Chen, D. -X. Hu, and Q.-Y. Liu, 2011: Turbulent diapycnal mixing in the subtropical northwestern Pacific: Spatial-seasonal variations and role of eddies. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C10028.

46. LI C., L.-X. Wu, and P. Chang,2011: A Far-Reaching Footprint of the Tropical Pacific Meridional Mode on the Summer Rainfall over the Yellow River Loop Valley. Journal of Climate, 24, 2585-2598.

47. MA H. and L.-X. Wu, 2011: Global Teleconnections in Response to Freshening over the Antarctic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 24, 1071-1088.

48. WU L.-X., Z. Jing, S. Riser and M. Visbeck, 2011: Seasonal and spatial variations of Southern Ocean diapycnal mixing from Argo profiling floats. Nature Geoscience, 4, 363-366.

49. ZHANG L-P., L.-X. Wu, and J.-X Zhang, 2011: Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Responses to Recent Freshwater Flux Changes over the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension Region. Journal of Climate, 24, 1507-1524.

50. ZHANG L.-P, L.-X. Wu, and J. -X. Zhang, 2011: Simulated Response to Recent Freshwater Flux Change over the Gulf Stream and Its Extension: Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Adjustment and Atlantic-Pacific Teleconnection. Journal of Climate, 24, 3971–3988.

51. ZHANG L.-P., L. -X Wu, and L. -S.Yu, 2011: Oceanic Origin of a Recent La Nina-Like Trend in the Tropical Pacific. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 28, 1-9.

52. JING, Z., and L.-X. Wu, 2010: Seasonal variation of turbulent diapycnal mixing in the northwestern Pacific stirred by wind stress. Geophysical Research Letter, 37, L23604.

53. MA H., L.-X. Wu, and C. Li, 2010: The roles of southern high latitude wind stress in global climate. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 27, 371–381.

54. WU L.-X., Y. Sun, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, and S. Minobe, 2010: Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response to Idealized Freshwater Forcing over the Western Tropical Pacific. Journal of Climate, 23, 1945-1954.

55. WU S., L.-X. Wu, Q. Liu, and S.-P. Xie, 2010: Development processes of the tropical Pacific meridional mode. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 27, 95-99.

56. ZHANG L., L.-X. Wu, X. Lin, and D. Wu, 2010: Modes and mechanisms of sea surface temperature low-frequency variations over the coastal China seas. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C08031.

57. ZHANG H., and L.-X. Wu, 2010: Predicting North Atlantic sea surface temperature variability on the basis of the first-mode baroclinicRossby wave model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C09030.

58. LI C., L.-X. Wu, L. Qu, Q. Wang and L. Zhang, 2009: An intimate coupling of ocean-atmospheric interaction over the extratropical North Atlantic and Pacific. Climate Dynamics, 32, 753-765.

59. YANG J., Q. Liu, Z. Liu, L.-X. Wu, and F. Huang, 2009: Basin mode of Indian Ocean sea surface temperature and northern hemisphere circumglobalteleconnection. Geophysical Research Letter, 36, L19705.

60. FANG C. and L.-X. Wu, 2008: The role of ocean dynamics in tropical Pacific SST response to warm climate in a fully coupled GCM. Geophysical Research Letter, 35, L08703.

61. WU L.-X., C. Li, C. Yang, and S.-P. Xie, 2008: Global teleconnections in response to a shutdown of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Journal of Climate, 21, 3002-3019.

62. LIU Z, Y. Liu, L.-X. Wu and R. Jacob, 2007: Seasonal and long-term atmospheric responses to reemerging North Pacific ocean variability: A combined dynamical and statistical assessment. Journal of Climate, 20, 955-980.

63. WU L.-X., F. He, Z. Liu and C. Li, 2007: Atmospheric teleconnections of tropical Atlantic variability: Interhemispheric, tropical-extratropical, and cross-basin interactions. Journal of Climate, 20, 856-870.

64. WU L.-X., and C. Li, 2007: Warming of the North Pacific Ocean: Local air-sea coupling and remote climatic impacts. Journal of Climate, 20, 2581-2601.

65. WU L.-X., Z. Liu, C. Li and Y. Sun, 2007: Extratropical control of recent tropical Pacific decadal climate variability: A relay teleconnection. Climate Dynamics, 28, 99-112.

66. WU L.-X., Q. Liu, D. Hu, C. Li, J. Zuo, Y. Yu, C. Sun and Q. Wang, 2007: Variability of Subtropical North Pacific Ocean Circulation and its impacts on dynamic environment of China Marginal Seas. Advances in Earth Sciences, 22, 1224-1230. (in Chinese)

67. YANG J., Q. Liu, S.-P. Xie, Z. Liu and L.-X. Wu, 2007: Impact of the Indian Ocean SST basin mode on the Asian summer monsoon. Geophysical Research Letter, 34, L02708.

68. WU L.-X., D. Lee, and Z. Liu, 2005: The 1976/77 North Pacific climate regime shift: The role of subtropical ocean adjustment and coupled ocean-atmosphere feedbacks. Journal of Climate, 18, 5125-5140.

69. WU L.-X., and Z. Liu, 2005: North Atlantic Decadal Variability: Air-Sea Coupling, Oceanic Memory, and Potential Northern Hemisphere Resonance. Journal of Climate, 18, 331-349.

70. WU L.-X., F. He, and Z. Liu, 2005: Coupled ocean-atmosphere response to north tropical Atlantic SST: Tropical Atlantic Dipole and ENSO. Geophysical Research Letter, 32, L21712.

71. WU L.-X., Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Q. Liu and X. Liu, 2005: Potential global climatic impacts of the North Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letter, 32, L24710