AGU期刊一周Research Spotlight (Mar 17~Mar 23, 2016)

发布时间:2016-3-24 13:58:07 点击次数:877


I. Atmospheric Sciences

1. New Insights from 60 Years of Crevasse Research

Deep cracks in the ice may provide insight into glacier decay and help predict sea level rise.


2. Hubble Gazes at Europa's Aurora

Scientists get their best glimpse yet of the shimmering phenomena on one of Jupiter's most intriguing moons.


3. Comparing Planetary Climates to Investigate Climate Systems

Comparative Climates of Terrestrial Planets II (CCTP2 ): Understanding How Climate Systems Work; Moffett Field, California, 8–11 September 2015.


4. U.S. Methane Emissions on the Rise

Data suggest that the United States may be responsible for half of global methane increase in the past decade.



II. Geology & Geophysics

1. Tiny Accelerometers Create Europe's First Urban Seismic Network

The system, under development in Acireale, Italy, could be used to monitor earthquakes in real time and help rescue workers focus efforts where they’re needed most.


2. Antarctica Gets a New Gravity Map

A comprehensive collection of variation in Earth's gravity could aid studies of the Antarctic geoid and of Antarctica's geology and ice sheet dynamics.



III. Biogeosciences

1. Glacial Meltwater Features Depend on Glacier Type and Location

With climate change, some glaciers will melt faster than others, altering the proportions of nutrients in meltwater and changing downstream ecosystems.


2. Using Acid and Physical Force, Fungi Burrow Through Rock

Scientists observe the step-by-step process by which a fungus attacks a mineral to extract vital nutrients.



IV. Ocean Sciences

1. Uncertainty Evaluations Improve Biogeochemical Simulations

Results from the first decade-long reanalysis simulation of northwest European shelf biogeochemistry show the importance of quantifying the uncertainty in these indicators to inform marine policy.


2. What Are Scientists Doing off the Oregon Coast in Winter?

Social media and the value of communicating field experiences to the public.



V. Space Science & Space Physics

1. Satellite Shows Earth's Magnetic Field Bent During a Solar Storm

When solar storms strike, they weaken Earth's defenses against harmful radiation. New satellite measurements reveal just how much.


2. Great Mysteries of the Earth's Magnetotail

Workshop on Magnetotail Reconnection Onset and Dipolarization Fronts; Laurel, Maryland, 16–18 September 2015.



Ⅵ. Climate Change

1. Science of Tying Some Extreme Weather to Climate Change Advances

A report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine says attribution of some classes of extreme events can provide policy makers with better information about future risks.



Ⅶ. Geochemistry, Mineralogy, Volcanology

1. Can Carbon Dioxide Trigger Geyser Eruptions?

Researchers looking at geyser discharge water in Yellowstone National Park found that dissolved carbon dioxide could be involved in a geyser's eruption.


2. Interior Department Shelves Oil and Gas Lease off Atlantic Coast

The administration moves forward with offshore plans for the Gulf of Mexico and Alaska, but its removal of an Atlantic lease sale sparks sharp responses from industry.



Ⅷ. Hydrology, Cryosphere & Earth Surface

1. Recent Studies Crack Open New Views of Glacial Crevasses

Scientists review 60 years of direct and remote observations of crevasses and the models used to simulate them.


2. Reimagining a Fatal Flood

Researchers use high-resolution simulations to reexamine the rainfall events that led to one of the most destructive floods in U.S. history.